The National Center for Oncological Hadrontherapy (CNAO) in Pavia, Italy, is a facility offering advanced therapy to fight cancer and one of only five centres in the world treating with both protons and carbon ions. Of the thousand patients treated so far, over 80% exhibit stability. In 2016, CNAO was the first centre in the world to treat eye melanoma patients with the active scanning system where the organ, and – in most cases – visual acuity, were preserved.


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Image credit: CNAO

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